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Research Behind PRIME: Authors


Marian Small
Dr. Marian Small is the former Dean of Education at the University of New Brunswick (UNB). She has been a professor and director of the UNB Math Centre for many years and is a regular speaker on K–12 mathematics throughout Canada and the US. She has been highly involved in the development of provincial curriculum and provincial testing in mathematics in New Brunswick.

The focus of Dr. Small’s scholarly work has been the development of curriculum and text materials for students of mathematics. She has been an author on four text series at both elementary and secondary levels in Canada, the US, and Australia, and a senior author on three of those series. She has also served on the author team for the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Navigation Series, Pre K–2 and as the NCTM representative on the Mathcounts committee for middle school mathematics competitions throughout the US for four years. Most recently, she has led the research resulting in the creation of maps describing student mathematical development and the associated professional development program, PRIME.


Douglas McDougall
Dr. Douglas McDougall is an Associate Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of Curriculum, Teaching and Learning of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) of the University of Toronto. He teaches graduate and pre-service courses in mathematics education and computer applications in education. He is also the academic coordinator of the Master of Teaching Program at OISE/UT.

Dr. McDougall is author of the PRIME School Mathematics Improvement: Leadership Handbook and co-author of the book, Mathematics Every Elementary Teacher Should Know. He is very active in professionalorganizations related to his research interests of mathematics educationand computer integration into the curriculum. He is a former ECOOPresident and is the President of the Psychology of MathematicsEducation, North American Chapter (PME-NA).